Biology

Professors

George C. Argyros, Chair

Jacob Bova

Gerald Bresowar

Regenia Campbell

Christopher Fielitz

Christine M. Fleet

Degrees and Certificates

Classes

BIOL 100 : Introduction to Biology

This course introduces students to foundational biology and chemistry concepts with an emphasis on the relationship between the two. In addition, the course will focus on techniques and study strategies which are key to success in the Natural Sciences. (3 credit hours)

BIOL 105 : Intro to College Biology

Origin, evolution, and diversity of life; basic biological chemistry; cell structure; energy metabolism; and basic genetics. Not intended for potential science majors. This course satisfies the Modes of Inquiry requirement for Understanding the Natural World. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours.

Semester Hours

4

BIOL 107 : Biological Investigation I

Introduction to the basic investigative skills required for biological research and communication. Exploration of biological science through the examination of science philosophy and practice. Includes an introduction to oral and written modes of scientific communication and basic etymology. Two lecture hours.

Semester Hours

2

BIOL 117 : General Biology

Origin and evolution of life, basic life chemistry, the cell, energy, basic genetics, and ecology. Three lecture hours and three laboratory hours.

Semester Hours

4

BIOL 120 : Intergrated Anatomy & Physiology I

This is the first part of a two-part Anatomy & Physiology Course sequence. In this section, the anatomy and physiology of integumentary, muscular, skeletal, nervous and endocrine systems will be covered, as well as the basic chemistry, molecular and cellular biology necessary to understand the structure and function of the human body. Many key concepts will be carried over into BIOL 121 (A&P 2). For those in health fields, this information will serve as the foundation for most of your courses.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

"C" grade or higher in BIOL 117 General Biology.

BIOL 121 : Integrated Human Anatomy & Physiology II

This is the second part of a two-part Anatomy & Physiology Course sequence. In this section, the anatomy and physiology of Lymphatic and Immune, Circulatory, Respiratory, Excretory (Urinary), Digestive, and Reproductive systems necessary to understand the structure and function of human body will be covered. Many key concepts will be carried over from BIOL 120 (A&P 1) focusing on the integration of all systems. For those in health fields, this information will serve as the foundation for most of your courses.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

"C" grade or higher in BIOL 120.

BIOL 123 : Biological Anthropology

Human evolutionary origins and biology examined through a lens of comparative anatomy, the fossil record, genomics, paleoecology, evolutionary psychology, and cultural evolution. Emphasis will be placed on understanding adaptations of the human lineage through time, especially bipedalism, manual dexterity, dietary adaptations, life cycle adaptations, and brain growth.

Semester Hours

4

BIOL 201 : Organismal Biology

Survey of biological diversity with discussion of morphology, anatomy, reproduction, and evolution as related to classification. Ecological and economic significance of organisms discussed briefly. This course satisfies the proficiency requirement for Written Communication in the disciplines.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

C or better in 117, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 207 : Biological Investigation II

Introduction to the scientific literature, survey of equipment and techniques used in biological research, biological sampling, and principles of experimental design. Culminates in the production of a scientific research proposal.

Semester Hours

2

Prerequisites

117 or permission of instructor.

BIOL 225 : Plant Taxonomy

Classification and identification of common and economically important plant families with attention to ecological associations; study of regional and greenhouse specimens.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

201 or permission.

BIOL 232 : General Microbiology With Lab

A study of non-pathogenic and pathogenic microorganisms designed primarily for students in the BSN Program. Topics covered include: microbial characteristics, systematics, phylogeny and evolution of microorganisms, control of microorganisms, immune defenses of the host, and cause, prevention, and control of infectious diseases. Must be taken with BIOL 232 laboratory. Prerequisite: "C" grade or higher in BIOL 117. Four semester hours

BIOL 240 : Global Change & Arctic Biology

Exploration of the ecological impacts of climate change through Arctic field biology. Includes a survey of Arctic ecosystems, with emphasis on the interaction between climate and the ecology of Arctic organisms. Following a semester-long survey of the natural history of the Arctic, students will complete field projects during an expedition above the Arctic Circle.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

permission of instructor and one course from the following: Biology 105 or 117, Earth Science 112, Environmental Studies 100, or Geography 311.

BIOL 275 : Vertebrate Zoology

Examines the systematics, taxonomy, identification, and natural history of vertebrate organisms. Major evolutionary trends leading to the complex design, form and function of vertebrate taxa will be covered employing an integrative approach. Laboratory will cover anatomy, field identification, habitat characteristics, collection, and preparatory techniques focusing on vertebrates of the southern Appalachians.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

201 or permission of instructor.

BIOL 285 : Research Experience I

Hands-on research experience through assistance in faculty research projects.

Semester Hours

1

Prerequisites

117 and permission of the faculty member directing the project.

BIOL 286 : Research Experience II

Hands-on research experience through assistance in faculty research projects.

Semester Hours

1

Prerequisites

117 and permission of the faculty member directing the project.

BIOL 287 : Research Experience III

Hands-on research experience through assistance in faculty research projects.

Semester Hours

1

Prerequisites

117 and permission of the faculty member directing the project.

BIOL 288 : Research Experience IV

Hands-on research experience through assistance in faculty research projects.

Semester Hours

1

Prerequisites

117 and permission of the faculty member directing the project.

BIOL 300 : Genetics

Heredity, cytogenetics, population dynamics, DNA structure and function. This course satisfies the proficiency requirements for Ethical Reasoning and Quantitative Literacy in the disciplines.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

C or better in Biology 117 and sophomore status; Prerequisite or corequisite: 201, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 307 : Junior Seminar

Focus on current topics in biology, with emphasis on developing student research, written review of primary literature, oral communication skills, and peer and faculty feedback.

Semester Hours

1

Prerequisites

junior status.

BIOL 310 : Exercise Physiology

Organ level approach to structure and function of human systems; laboratory emphasis on physiology of exercise. Recommended for Health and Human Performance majors. This course satisfies the proficiency requirement for Written Communication in the disciplines.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

105 or 117.

BIOL 311 : Human Anatomy

Study of cellular, histological, structural, and functional aspects of body systems. Focus on the structure of the human body and physiological mechanisms used to maintain homeostasis. Designed for paramedical students in prephysical therapy and athletic training.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

117.

BIOL 312 : Developmental Biology

Analysis of development in terms of cell and tissue interactions, cellular differentiation and development of organ systems. Structure and development in plants and animals; experimental embryology.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

117, 201, 300.

BIOL 315 : Cell Biology

Investigation into the organization and function of cell ultrastructure, specifically the mechanisms by which organic macromolecules interact to create a living system. Cellular energetics, transmembrane transport, intra- and intercellular communication, and cell cycle control and cell death.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

117 and 300.

BIOL 320 : Comparative Anatomy

Comparative study of chordate anatomy stressing evolutionary relationships and homologous structures culminating in study of mammalian anatomy. Study of chordate tissues and their relationships.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

201 or departmental permission.

BIOL 332 : Micro & Immunology

Morphology, physiology and taxonomy of selected microorganisms; emphasis on laboratory techniques.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

Chemistry 211 or permission.

BIOL 340 : Tropical Biology

Discussion of neotropical ecosystems, focusing on rainforest structure and function, evolution and coevolution, and ecological interactions among tropical organisms. Following the lecture part of the course will be an analysis of organisms and their habitats in a tropical environment (usually Costa Rica), with emphasis on identification and field research techniques. This course satisfies the Emory Abroad requirement. Students will be responsible for travel and other expenses.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

201 and departmental permission.

BIOL 345 : Ecology

Study of the relationships of organisms to their environments and to each other, and how these relationships drive evolutionary histories. Emphasis on assessment and importance of habitat structure and variation, population genetics and dynamics, community transitions, and species interactions, along with student led research projects and topic review. Laboratory component involving sampling and assessment of ecological variables in a variety of habitat types throughout southwestern Virginia.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

201.

BIOL 350 : Special Topics in Biology

Selected topics in biology chosen by the instructor in response to student needs and interests.

Semester Hours

3

Prerequisites

117 and permission of instructor.

BIOL 360 : Population & Conservation Biology

Exploration of factors which affect short-term and long-term stability and health of biological populations, including immigration, emigration, recruitment and mortality, and the environmental factors which can affect each of these forces. Emphasis on understanding and manipulating mathematical models of hypothetical populations. Conservation of biological populations and communities, as well as critical natural resources.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

117 and 201.

BIOL 415 : Biogeography

Patterns and dynamics of the geographic distribution and abundance of plants and animals. Historical, ecological, and evolutional foundations of biogeography. Applications of biogeographical models in the assessment of habitat degradation and climate change effects on species distribution and abundance.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

117 and 201, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 420 : Evolutionary Biology

Patterns and processes of organismal change over time, emphasizing both micro- and macroevolution. Development of evolutionary thought, natural selection, speciation, phylogenetics, and the origin of life.

Semester Hours

3

Prerequisites

C or better in 300, or permission of instructor.

BIOL 425 : General Physiology

Chemical and physical functions of organisms including maintenance of homeostasis, water balance, metabolism, movement, gas exchange, and hormonal regulation, with emphasis on human systems and comparisons to other animals and to plants. Analysis of current literature and case studies, use of relevant instrumentation, and interpretation of data. Includes a service learning component.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

Chemistry 111 and 112, and C or better in Biology 201.

BIOL 430 : Biochemistry

Cell ultrastructure, metabolic pathways, and control mechanisms for cellular processes: respiration, photosynthesis, DNA, replication, protein synthesis, and differentiation.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

Biology 117 and Chemistry 211.

BIOL 441 : Cellular and Molecular Biology

Introduction to current concepts and experiments in gene manipulation and molecular techniques to understand genomics, gene expression and control of cells. cellular energetics, transmembrance transport, intra- and intercellular communication, and cell cycle control and cell death. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 or ENGR 300. Thre lecture hours and three laboratory hours. Four semester hours.

BIOL 450 : Senior Seminar

Study of current topics in biology based on survey of primary literature. Focus on oral communication through scientific presentations and small-group discussions. This course satisfies the proficiency requirement for Oral Communication in the disciplines.

Semester Hours

1

Prerequisites

senior status.

BIOL 460 : Independent Study

Independent research project conducted under supervision of department.

Semester Hours

4

Prerequisites

B average in biology and overall; departmental approval in semester before project begins.

BIOL 470 : Internship I

Work experience related to the student's major, jointly supervised by the department and a professional in the field. Weekly departmental conferences with faculty supervisor. Although the usual internship will carry either three or six hours credit, a student may elect to arrange an internship carrying between two and six hours credit with the permission of the department. Each hour of credit will require forty hours at the internship site.

Semester Hours

6

Prerequisites

2.

BIOL 471 : Internship II

Work experience related to the student's major, jointly supervised by the department and a professional in the field. Weekly departmental conferences with faculty supervisor. Although the usual internship will carry either three or six hours credit, a student may elect to arrange an internship carrying between two and six hours credit with the permission of the department. Each hour of credit will require forty hours at the internship site.

Semester Hours

6

Prerequisites

2.

BIOL 490 : Honors Project

Independent research in a special topic for honors.

Semester Hours

3

Prerequisites

senior status, GPA of 3.

BIOL 491 : Honors Thesis

Independent research in a special topic for honors.

Semester Hours

3

Prerequisites

senior status, GPA of 3.